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Economic Development

Community Profile
Regional Information: The Tyler County region (FIPS code:48457) had an estimated population of 20,871 in 2000. The region consists of 936 square miles with a population density of 22.30 residents per square mile compared to a statewide density of 79.54. This county ranked 110th in 2000 population compared to all 254 counties in Texas. Tyler County is a member of TWC's Deep East Texas Local Workforce Development region. This area is a rural county. This county also ranked 107th in size by square miles when compared to all counties in Texas. The Tyler County area is assigned to the following district(s): Texas Representative District(s) of 12 and State Senatorial District(s) of 3. The area is in the U.S. Congressional District(s) of: 2. The county seat is Woodville and the county's major city, town or place is Woodville. See Texas Online at for State and local updates. Tyler County is classified as a rural county by virtue of either its close relationship with a significant central city or lack thereof. Using 2000 Census population data, roughly 86.05 percent of all Texas population could be found in the 76 metropolitan counties defined by the federal Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for 2003. In 1993 the county was classified as a rural county. Texas has established a network of 24 Councils of Government (COGs) to assist local governments in planning for common needs and to coordinate regional economic development activity. Tyler County falls within the Deep East Texas Council of Governments region. For additional information and links to the COG regions see

The Office of the State Climatologist in College Station, under the guidance of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, maintains 10-year intervals of weather compilations. For most recent interval as of January 1, 1993, the rainfall in the region averages 54.3 inches per year compared to the Texas average of 30.1 inches per year. The average growing season in the Tyler County region is 241 days. Texas is so climatically diverse that statewide averages are generally irrelevant as a means of comparison. The average temperature in January gathered by the Office of the State Climatologist ranges from 38 degrees to an average for July of 93 degrees. The Texas Department of Agriculture estimates the freeze dates range from Nov 11 to Mar 17. Current and past climate information can be found at and

Natural amenities of the area, according to the U.S. Department of Interior, reflect an overall percent of surface water of 1.4 percent compared to 2.5 percent statewide. The land surface form topography for the region is described as irregular plains. Considerably more detailed information can be found at: and

Local Workforce Boards: Tyler County is a member of the TWC Deep East Texas local workforce board area. In order to contact the board or TWC's Tele Center by phone, call 1-800-939-6631. Local addresses, references to specific needs and services can be found at the Deep East Texas web site at For further information on all Local Workforce Board go to

According to the 2000 Census, Texas grew from 16,986,510 in 1990 to 20,851,820 in 2000 reflecting an increase of 22.8 percent growth. During this same time period, the Tyler County region had an increase from 16,646 persons to 20,871 persons which reflected a 25.4 percent change. A variety of data topics for Texas and all the counties is available at:

The region's race/ethnic distibution in 2000 is estimated by the Census Bureau to be:

Race/Ethnicity    Population    Area Percent    Statewide Percent 
White 17,487 83.8 70.97
Black 2,497 12.0 11.53
Other 135 0.6 3.33
Hispanic* 742 3.6 31.99
*Hispanic count includes White, Black and other representation
when reported.

Population Age
The age distribution of an area can provide valuable insight into the region's economic composition and income potential. By national standards, Texas has a relatively young population. The 2000 Census estimates for Texas show a population composition as follows:
Age Population    Area Percent    Statewide
Under 5 1,215 5.8 7.8
5-14 2,732 13.1 15.8
15-19 1,386 6.6 7.8
20-44       1,386 6.6 7.8
45-64 4,964 23.8 20.2
65+ 3,722 17.8 9.9

While the median age for Texas was 32.30 years in 2000, the Tyler County area had a median age of 38.90 according to the 2000 Census.

Population Gender
The gender distribution of an area can provide additional insight into the region's overall distribution in the population by male and female. Of the area's population, 10,785 were male which represents 51.7 percent and 10,086 were female which represents 48.3 percent. This compares to the statewide percentage of 49.6 percent for male and 50.4 percent for female.

Special Age Groups and Gender

Youth and Older Workers: Other age cohorts may be of special interest for Workforce Development Board's summer youth programs and older worker programs. The Tyler County region has 2,748 persons age 14-21 representing 13.4 percent of the population. This compares with 13.3 percent statewide. For the potential older age cohort, 3,759 persons or 18.4 percent are 55 or over in the Tyler County region based on the 2000 Census. This compares to 9.9 percent statewide.

Ages 25-44: If the population cohort 45 and over is higher than the state average, this suggests a stable, mature population comprised of mainly "empty-nesters," retirees and the aged. When the 25-44 age cohort is higher than the state average, this is a healthy economic situation since this group contains the greatest share of the labor force. Decreases over time in this group, especially when similar changes are not occurring statewide, can be an indication that people are moving out of an area they consider to be a poor labor market. In Tyler County the total number in the age groups of 25 to 44, was 6,163 or 30.1 percent. This compares to a statewide percentage of 31.9 percent.

Ages 18 and Older: For the population generally considered in the ages to participate in the labor market, the total population who were 18 years and over totaled 14,965,061 in Texas which represented 71.8 percent of the total population. In this study area, the total persons in this age group was 16,034 or 76.8 percent of the total population. Within this age group in Texas the number of males in 2000 who were 18 years and over represented 7,338,177 persons or 35.2 percent of the total population while females age 18 years and over represented 7,626,884 or 36.6 percent. In the Tyler County area, males 18 and over represented 8,334 or 39.9 percent in comparison and females totaled to 7,700 or 36.9 percent.

Veteran Status: According to the U.S. Bureau of Census, the area had 16,039 persons in the population age 18 years and older in the year 2000. Of that number, 2,700 or 16.8 percent responded as being a civilian veteran, compared to 11.8 percent statewide. A "civilian veteran" is a person 18 years old or over who has served (even for a short time), but is not now serving, on active duty in the U.S. Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, or the Coast Guard, or who served in the U.S. Merchant Marine during World War II. People who served in the National Guard or military Reserves are classified as veterans only if they were ever called or ordered to active duty, not counting the 4-6 months for initial training or yearly summer camps.

Disability Status: From the 2000 Census, data on Disability Status were derived when respondents reported long-lasting conditions: (a) blindness, deafness, or a severe vision or hearing impairment, (sensory disability) and (b) a condition that substantially limits one or more basic physical activities such as walking, climbing stairs, reaching, lifting, or carrying (physical disability). Disability status was also derived if the individuals in the working age range of 21 to 64 years had a physical, mental, or emotional condition lasting 6 months or more that made it difficult to perform certain activities such as: (a) learning, remembering, or concentrating (mental disability); (b) dressing, bathing, or getting around inside the home (self-care disability); (c) going outside the home alone to shop or visit a doctor's office (going outside the home disability); and (d) working at a job or business (employment disability).

It was reported in the 2000 Census that the area had an estimated 4,230 persons residing there between the ages of 5 to 20 years of age with approximately 321 or 7.6 percent with a disability. In Texas, the percent with disabilities in this same age bracket was 7.9 percent. In the working age population group - ages 21 to 64 years, the area had approximately 10,278 persons, of which 2,941 were categorized to be in a disability status. This represented 28.6 percent compared to 19.9 percent in the state overall. For those persons in this age group that had a disability, approximately 1,335 or 45.4 percent were employed. For those who had no disability, an estimated 4,842 or 66.0 percent were employed. For the retirement age group of 65 years of age and older, 3,552 persons resided of which 1,614 were disabled. The percent of this age group with a disabled status was 45.4 percent and this compared to 44.8 percent in Texas overall.

Ages 65 and Older: For the population who are considered to be at the age of retirement or older - 65 years and older, the total number of persons in Texas was 2,072,532 or 9.9 percent of the total population in 2000. This region had a total of 3,722 or 17.8 percent in this older age group. In the same age group of 65 years and over, males in Texas represented 862,181 or 4.1 percent of the total population and females totaled to 1,210,351 or 5.8 percent, while in this study area, males totaled to 1,690 or 8.1 percent of all persons in this area and females represented 2,032 or 9.7 percent of all persons. For other general and special population information from the 2000 Census as well as specific populations topics, link to

Population Projections The Office of the State Demographer for the State of Texas distributes the most widely used population projections for Texas. Projection estimates in these tables and the methodology for migration scenarios have been revised as of June, 2004 by the Texas State Data Center and Office of the State Demographer - now housed at University of Texas San Antonio. Each projection series includes three scenarios resulting in three alternative sets of population values for the State and each county are presented in these projections. These scenarios assume the same set of mortality and fertility assumptions in each scenario but differ in their assumptions relative to net migration. The net migration assumptions made for three scenarios are derived from 1990-2000 patterns which have been altered relative to expected future population trends. This is done by systematically and uniformly altering the adjusted 1990-2000 net migration rates by age, sex and race/ethnicity. The scenarios so produced are referred to as the zero migration (0.0) scenario, the one-half 1990-2000 (0.5) scenario, the 1990-2000 (1.0) scenario and the 1990-2000 (2.0) scenario.

The recommended scenario for most county based projection reporting used is believed to be the 0.5 scenario as most appropriate scenario for most counties in Texas. This scenario has been prepared as an approximate average of the zero (0.0) and 1990-2000 (1.0) scenarios. It assumes rates of net migration one-half of those of the 1990s. The reason for including this scenario is that many counties in the State are unlikely to continue to experience the overall levels of relatively extensive growth of the 1990s. A scenario which projects rates of population growth that are approximately an average of the zero and the 1990-2000 scenarios is one that suggests slower but steadier growth than occurred during 1990-2000 (For a more detailed discussion see

Using this projection scenario, the following table represents population projections for Tyler County:

Year Total Pct Chg Anglo Pct Chg Black Pct Chg Hispanic Pct Chg Other Pct Chg
2000  20,871   --- 17,426   --- 2,538   --- 742   --- 165   ---
2005 21,870 4.8 18,266 4.8 2,669 5.2 768  3.5 167 1.2
2010 22,961 10.0 19,175 10.0 2,823 11.2 795 7.1 168 1.8
2015 24,026 15.1 20,105 15.4 2,935 15.6 821 10.6 165 0.0
2020 25,019 19.9 20,997 20.5 3,022 19.1 863 13.6 157 -4.8
2025 25,870 24.0 21,774 25.0 3,086 21.6 862 15.8 151 -8.5
2030 26,496 27.0 22,393 28.5 3,096 22.0 863 16.3 144 -12.7
2035 27,005 29.4 22,936 31.6 3,074 21.1 862 16.2 133 -19.4
2040 27,512 31.8 23,440 34.5 3,086 21.6 863 16.3 123 -25.5
* Anglo Black and Other excludes Hispanic counts

County to County Migration
Out Migration: Using Internal Revenue Service (IRS) information regarding changes in residences between two filing years 2005 and 2006, statistics regarding moving in and out of counties can reveal patterns of migration as well as patterns of out-of-state and foreign migration to and from selected counties. During this time Tyler County reported 5,903 total tax were matched to tabulate outflow migration. Of these returns approximately 8.2 percent showed a change in residences by moving out from their originating county in 2005 to another county in 2006. Of these who moved out of their original county, 83.9 percent moved to another county within Texas, while 16.1 percent moved to a different state but within the U.S. Those who moved from their originating county in the year 2005 to a foreign country in 2006 was approximately 0.0 percent.

In-Migration: During the period 2005 to 2006, there were approximately 5,863 total tax returns were matched to calculate inflow migration. Of these returns approximately 7.6 percent showed a change in residences by moving in from their originating county in 2005 to a county in the study area in 2006. Of these who moved into the study area from another county, 81.8 percent moved from other counties in Texas, while 18.2 percent moved from a county in a different state but within the U.S. Those who moved into the study area during the 2005-2006 period from a foreign country was approximately 0.0 percent.

Vital Statistics: According to the Texas Department of State Health Services for vital statistics for the year 2002, the Tyler County area had a total of 194 live births which represents a live birth rate of 9.1 births for every 1,000 persons in the study area compared to a statewide rate of 16.7 births per 1,000 persons in the population. The area had a total of 238 deaths representing a rate of 11.2 for every 1,000 persons compared to a statewide rate of 7.0.

Civilian Labor Force (CLF): The most recent civilian labor force estimates from TWC for Texas statewide in May 2007 is 11,491,368 which is an increase in the labor force of 63,249 persons since May 2006. This represents a 0.6 percent change in Texas during this time period. These estimates are not seasonally adjusted. Tyler County had a civilian labor force of 8,072 for May 2007 which was a change of -154 in CLF since May 2006. This change represented a decrease of -1.9 percent for the study area. For another glimpse into TWC/LMI's Texas and County information, link to:

Economic Diversification: Relative to the Texas economy, the LMCI economic diversification index measures the degree to which a county economy is diversified. Significant concentrations of employment in only one or two industrial sectors makes an area less diversified and more susceptible to widespread economic decline should a key sector suffer a significant loss. While economic diversification or a balanced distribution of employment across all major industry sectors, is generally desirable, in some cases, especially where a region is exploiting a comparative advantage (such as access to raw materials, access to transportation routes, etc.) a statistically diverse economy does not necessarily correlate with higher growth. Of the three levels of diversification ranging from below average, average and above average, Tyler County had an economic base which is of average diversity.

Employment By Major Industry Sector: The most recent employment data from TWC by major industrial sector for Tyler County compared to Texas are shown below in a table for two years. The Department of Labor calls these major categories "Super Sectors". One advantage in reviewing employment changes at broad industrial levels is that it allows for a unique snapshot of major differences in the total civilian labor force for a selected study area when compared to any larger statewide trend. When employment changes at a higher rate than the state, there may be comparative advantages in the local economy which are driving these changes. Conversely, when change is at a lower rate, then the Super Sector is showing less growth in comparison to the state and may consequently have a smaller comparative change impact.

Compared to Texas, the table above shows employment sectors in Tyler County changed at a higher rate for Construction, Manufacturing and Leisure & Hospitality Group between 1st quarter 2005 and 1st quarter 2006. During that same time period, area employment for Natural Resources & Mining, Trade, Transport. & Utilities, Information, Financial Activities Group, Prof., Business & Other Svcs, Education & Health Svcs., Other Services and Public Administration changed at a lower rate when compared to Texas.

Occupations: The best source of occupational information at the county level is from the 2000 Census. The total number of persons 16 years of age or older who were employed in Tyler County during the 2000 Census was 6,827. The following presents a table of those employed by occupational categories for this region compared to statewide percentages: